treatment approaches - qualia psychology


Schema Therapy is an integrative therapy which includes elements of cognitive behavioural, experiential, interpersonal and psychoanalytic therapies in one unified systemic approach to treatment. This is a longer-term therapy, developed to assist individuals with long-standing negative life patterns who are not experiencing the change and success they hoped for from standard short-term treatments like CBT and DBT.

Schemas are enduring themes and self-defeating patterns that typically begin early in life to assist the individual to survive or cope with painful feelings associated from unfulfilled core emotional childhood needs. The Schema therapy model of treatment is designed to help the person break these negative patterns, and to develop healthier alternatives to either cope with or replace them. Schema therapy consists of three stages:

1. First are the assessment stages, in which schemas are identified
2. Second is the emotional awareness and experiential stage, when clients get in touch with these schemas and learn how to spot them when they are operating in their day-to-day life.
3. Third is the behavioural change stage, during which the client is actively involved in replacing negative, habitual thoughts and behaviours with new, healthy cognitive and behavioural options.